Publication: « The shared environmental responsibility principle: new developments applied to the case of marine ecosystems »
- M. Cordier (CEARC, UVSQ, France)
- T. Poitelon (CEMOTEV, UVSQ, France)
- W. Hecq (CEESE-Centre Emile Bernheim, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Bruxelles, Belgium)
Estuaries provide advantageous sites for both harbors and fish habitats. In many countries, harbor expansion in estuaries contributed to the decline of fish populations with impacts at the global scale. Restoring these habitats is important to prevent a global biodiversity crisis but is costly and potentially unaffordable for polluters under the Polluter Pays Principle. Such affordability issues prompt decisionmakers to reduce environmental targets of restoration programs. Harbor infrastructures destroy fish habitats but generate benefits for society and contribute to the public interest, raising some questions on who is responsible for environmental degradations and who can afford environmental restoration costs? One way to allocate restoration costs is to analyze the amount of harbor services consumed by economic sectors. This paper addresses these questions by computing burden sharing scenarios with an input–output matrix. These scenarios are simulated under the shared responsibility principle to distribute restoration costs among stakeholders in the Seine estuary, France.
Input–output model; marine ecosystem destruction; shared responsibility; burden sharing; fish habitat